IOM Future Of Nursing Report

Review the IOM report, “The Future of Nursing: Leading Change, Advancing Health,” and explore the “Campaign for Action: State Action Coalition” website. In a 1,000-word paper, discuss the influence the IOM report and state-based action coalitions have had on nursing practice, nursing education, and nursing workforce development, and how they continue to advance the goals for the nursing profession.

Include the following:

  1. Describe the work of the Robert Wood Foundation Committee Initiative that led to the IOM report, “Future of Nursing: Leading Change, Advancing Health.”
  2. Outline the four “Key Messages” that structure the IOM Report recommendations. Explain how these have transformed or influenced nursing practice, nursing education and training, nursing leadership, and nursing workforce development. Provide examples.
  3. Discuss the role of state-based action coalitions. Explain how these coalitions help advance the goals specified in the IOM report, “Future of Nursing: Leading Change, Advancing Health.”
  4. Research the initiatives on which your state’s action coalition is working. Summarize two initiatives spearheaded by your state’s action coalition. Discuss the ways these initiatives advance the nursing profession.
  5. Describe barriers to advancement that currently exist in your state and explain how nursing advocates in your state overcome these barriers.

You are required to cite to four sources to complete this assignment. Sources must be published within the last 5 years and prepare this assignment according to the guidelines found in the APA Style Guide. Please abstract and sound conclusion is needed to wrap up this assignment.

Implementation Of The IOM Future Of Nursing Report

In a formal paper of 1,000-1,250 words you will discuss the work of the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation Committee Initiative on the Future of Nursing and the Institute of Medicine research that led to the IOM report, “Future of Nursing: Leading Change, Advancing Health.” Identify the importance of the IOM “Future of Nursing” report related to nursing practice, nursing education and nursing workforce development. What is the role of state-based action coalitions and how do they advance goals of the Future of Nursing: Campaign for Action?

Explore the Campaign for Action webpage (you may need to research your state’s website independently if it is not active on this site): http://campaignforaction.org/states

Review your state’s progress report by locating your state and clicking on one of the six progress icons for: education, leadership, practice, interpersonal collaboration, diversity, and data. You can also download a full progress report for your state by clicking on the box located at the bottom of the webpage.

In a paper of 1,000-1,250 words:

Discuss the work of the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation Committee Initiative on the Future of Nursing and the Institute of Medicine research that led to the IOM report, “Future of Nursing: Leading Change, Advancing Health.”

Identify the importance of the IOM “Future of Nursing” report related to nursing practice, nursing education and nursing workforce development.

What is the role of state-based action coalitions and how do they advance goals of the Future of Nursing: Campaign for Action?

Summarize two initiatives spearheaded by your state’s action coalition. In what ways do these initiatives advance the nursing profession? What barriers to advancement currently exist in your state? How can nursing advocates in your state overcome these barriers?

A minimum of three scholarly references are required for this assignment.

RUBRICS

1 Provided an original summary of the key messages of the IOM report, Future of Nursing: Leading Change, Advancing Health. Any specific references should be cited.

2 Identify the role of the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation Initiative and the American Association of Retired Persons on the Future of Nursing Campaign for Action and the State Based Action Coalitions

  1. Identify the importance of the IOM FON report related to the nursing workforce

4 Discuss the intent of the Future of Nursing Campaign for Action

5 Identify the rationale of state-based action coalitions

6 Discuss one state-based action coalition and two initiatives

Motivation And Behavior

You are in charge of developing a team-building activity to improve collaboration and increased communication for your team members. You are the newly promoted manager. Your department is closing for the day so you have four hours together in a team environment.

Review the following details of team members:

Rosanna (46) and Mary (20) are two staff members who do not get along. Rosanna is quiet and a loner. Mary is outspoken, and talks about her personal life to friends.

Cindy, (35), and Lolita, (40), are part-time staff. They are stressed due to economy. They interact with full time staff, but full time staff think they complain too much and shouldn’t because they are part time

Chip is a twenty-three-year-old maintenance worker who works part-time job at night, in addition to full-time role. He is often tired.

Samir is fifty-five, works full-time, and cannot wait until retirement.

Sarah (52) is a negative department manager who complains. She is a strong informal leader and has influence over the group.

Jerry is twenty-four and in graduate school. He has a positive attitude and is not motivated because no one likes to work together.

You need to divide the team into three groups. Remember this is a team-building activity.

How will you make the determination which members to put together?

Should members, who have a negative attitude, be placed with members who are positive? Why or why not?

How will a negative manager affect the overall group dynamic as opposed to a positive leader who wants to see the team develop?

How influential can an informal leader be among team members?

What barriers to effective teamwork can you anticipate and how will it be addressed?

Submission Details:

Your presentation should consist of 12–15 professional color Microsoft PowerPoint slides (not including the title and reference slide) along with detailed speaker notes to include examples to support each slide.

Support your responses with examples.

Cite any sources in APA format

Present the additional information in the Notes section.

Case Studies For Doctoral Learners

According to General Colin Powell, “Great leaders are almost always great simplifiers who can cut through argument, debate, and doubt to offer a solution everybody can understand” (as cited by Harari, 2002).

Assignment Preparation

For this assignment, imagine that you are the manager of a health care organization confronting numerous issues potentially affecting the provision of safe, high-quality health care practices. You have decided to focus first on the issue that has particular relevance to your area of specialization or professional goals, or that presents a situation you might expect to encounter in your leadership role. As you consider an appropriate course of action to address this issue, you have decided to begin by searching the case study literature with the intention of possibly gaining insight into the actions of other health care leaders who have dealt with similar issues and may have provided a sound solution to the problem or issues he or she faced.

A colleague with whom you have spoken about this has recommended the Buchbinder, Shanks, and Buchbinder text, Cases in Health Care Management as an excellent case study reference.

For your convenience, Appendix B lists all cases by topic (Leadership; Quality/Patient Safety; Finance; Healthcare Professionals/Human Resources; Health Disparities/Cultural Competence; Ethics/Law/Conflict of Interest; Crossing the Line/Fraud) and by primary and secondary settings.

In the Buchbinder, Shanks, and Buchbinder text, locate two case studies that are most closely aligned with the issue(s) you have decided to address. In addition, be sure that your selected case studies will enable you to

· Evaluate the effectiveness of different leadership approaches in facilitating collaborative professional relationships across disciplines.

· Evaluate health care leaders’ ability to communicate effectively.

· Analyze the role of communication in both creating and resolving a problem in health care leadership.

· Evaluate how effectively leaders address any issues involving ethical practice, diversity or inclusion.

· Evaluate health care leaders’ ability to manage and prioritize leadership responsibilities to resolve issues.

Note: The case studies in the text may not supply all of the information you may need. In such cases, you should consider a variety of possibilities and infer plausible conclusions.

Assignment Instructions

Complete the following steps:

  1. Include a title page, abstract, and reference page.

o An APA Style Paper Tutorial [DOCX] and the associated APA Style Paper Template [DOCX] are linked in Resources to help you in writing and formatting your paper. Format your work per these documents.

  1. Include on your cover page the titles of the case studies you have chosen. For example, your title could read: “Demonstrating Effective Leadership: Case 82 – When Yes Means No and Case 83 – Emergency Divert Status.”

o Include the case study in your references and use in-text citations when appropriate.

  1. In the body of the paper, begin by briefly summarizing the facts surrounding the case studies. After you identify who the leaders are and the issues they are faced with, analyze the factors that you believe contributed to each issue.

o Note: In graduate level writing, you should minimize the use of direct quotes. Lengthy quotes do not count toward assignment minimums. It is your interpretation of the material and its application to practice that is assessed.

o Remember, the case studies may not supply all of the information you may need. In such cases, you should consider a variety of possibilities and infer plausible conclusions. However, please be sure to identify any speculations that you make as such.

o An excellent tool for analyzing factors that contribute to a problem is the Fishbone Diagram, linked in the Resources. Use of this tool is highly recommended, but it is optional, and you will not hand in your diagram with this assignment.

  1. Compare and contrast the leadership approaches or styles these leaders use. Analyze how the approaches or styles make these leaders more or less effective in building interprofessional relationships across disciplines within the organization. Based on your analysis, determine how likely it will be that these leaders will be able to build and maintain such relationships with other communities and leaders outside their organization. Support your analysis with citations and appropriate APA references to peer-reviewed journals or scholarly sources.
  2. Analyze how well these leaders communicate, verbally or in writing. Analyze the role of communication and communication strategies in both creating and resolving the issues presented in the case study.
  3. Summarize and analyze how well the leaders managed professional responsibilities and priorities to resolve the issue in the case. What lessons could you take away from this case that could be applied by other leaders?
  4. Summarize and evaluate how effectively the leaders addressed any issues involving ethical practice, diversity or inclusion in the case. What key lessons do these cases provide for leaders? Use examples to clarify and support your ideas.

Submission Requirements

Your paper should meet the following requirements:

· Written communication: Write coherently to support central ideas, in appropriate format, and with correct grammar, usage, and mechanics.

· Length of paper: 5–6 typed, double-spaced pages, not including the title page, abstract, and reference page.

· References: At least four different resources (peer-reviewed journals or other scholarly resource, assigned unit readings, and the like).

· APA formatting:

o Include a properly formatted title page, abstract, and reference page.

o An APA Style Paper Tutorial [DOCX] and the associated APA Style Paper Template [DOCX] are linked in Resources to help you in writing and formatting your paper. Format your work per these documents.

o Apply correct formatting to all in-text citations and references.

· Font and font size: Times New Roman, 12 point.

The six-step coaching process to develop a coaching and development plan

Coaching Employees

Consider the following scenario:

You were very pleased with your decision to select Mala during your last recruitment initiative. Just out of college, Mala has the enthusiasm and professional drive that could benefit your health care organization. However, you recognize that Mala will have a lot to learn in a clinical setting. As a nurse manager, you have led many successful group trainings, but have far less experience coaching employees one-on-one. You wonder how you should approach this relationship and what steps you should take to increase the positivity and effectiveness of this experience.

Coaching is an ongoing process that is an integral function of the management role. It focuses on the development needs of the employee and is built on a relationship of trust between the leader and follower. Coaching is a powerful activity that demonstrates value of and respect for the employee. In this Assignment, you examine how you could serve as a coach to facilitate an individual’s professional development.

To prepare

  • Reflect on the information shared in the article, “Coaching Nurses: A Real Example of a Real Difference.” Which of these best practices might you use to strengthen your own coaching skills?
  • Review Chapter 7, “Coaching and Developing Others” in the course text, From Management to Leadership: Strategies for Transforming Health Care. Consider how the author compares coaching staff in a health care setting to coaching athletes, directing a movie, and conducting a symphony. Then, examine the six steps of the coaching process. How does each of the coaching steps build upon one another to create a positive and effective coaching experience?
  • In preparation for this hypothetical coaching exercise, identify one individual, staff member, or employee (from your current organization or a past setting) who could benefit from coaching. Create a pseudonym for him or her.
  • Use the six-step coaching process to develop a coaching and development plan.

Advanced Physiology And Pathophysiology-Case Study- Disorders Of Fluid And Electrolyte Balance

No Plagiarism please, assignment will be checked with Turnitin.

Will need 4 full pages, double spaced all throughout the page for the case study, APA Style, Times New Roman, font 12, Title Page and a Reference page.

Make sure all of the topics in the case study have been answered

Cite at least 3 References; journal articles, textbooks, or evidenced-based websites to support the content.

All sources must be within five years (2012-2017).

Case Study 3: Disorders of Fluid and Electrolyte Balance

Amanda is an 18-year-old with anorexia nervosa. She was recently admitted to an eating disorders clinic with a BMI of 13.9, and although she was a voluntary patient, she was reluctant about the treatment. She was convinced she was overweight because her clothes felt tight on her. She complained that even her hands and feet “were fat.” One of her nurses explained that a protein in her blood was low. The nurse further explained that, as difficult as it may be to believe, eating a normal healthy diet would make the “fat hands and feet” go away.

What protein do you suspect the nurse was referring to? How would a deficiency in this protein contribute to edema?

What is the difference between the physiology of pitting and nonpitting edema?

Because of her weakened condition, Amanda was moved around the ward in a wheelchair when she was not on bed rest. How does this affect her edematous tissues?

Developing a Philosophy, Goals, and Objectives

As addressed in this week’s Learning Resources, an organization’s philosophy statement derives from its mission and indicates the values and beliefs that steer decision making. An organization’s philosophy statement should be used to develop goals and objectives that lead to assured action.

As effective organizations recognize, “setting specific goals in a clear and compelling way—and insisting that people work together to achieve them—is the best way to get results” (Ashkenas, 2012, para. 9).

This Discussion builds on the Week 2 Discussion 2, as you create a philosophy statement, goals, and objectives for Mountain View Health Center, the organization featured in the case study introduced last week.

You will continue to work within the same small group. Note: You will develop an individual philosophy statement, goals, and objectives independently. Through the collegial exchange that follows, you will offer each other suggestions for refinement.

To prepare:

Review information on philosophy statements, goals, and objectives in Chapter 7 of the Marquis and Huston text and in the other Learning Resources.

Review the Mountain View Health Center case study presented in this week’s media, and reflect on the mission and vision statements you developed for Discussion 2 in Week 2.

Conduct additional research as necessary to strengthen your understanding of the process for creating a philosophy statement and developing goals and objectives and to deepen your thinking about the organization. For instance, you may research organizations with similarities to Mountain View and examine their philosophy statements, goals, and objectives.

Draft a philosophy statement for Mountain View Health Center.

Craft at least one goal and at least one related objective to operationalize the philosophy.

Consider what you have learned about the importance of the philosophy statement and the process of developing one, as well as the significance of and distinctions between goals and objectives.

Post a philosophy statement for Mountain View Health Center, at least one goal, and at least one related objective. Offer insights you have gained about the process of developing a philosophy statement, as well as the significance of and distinctions between organizational goals and objectives.

Read a selection of your colleagues’ responses. Consider the following:

Are the philosophy statements, goals, and objectives clearly written and easy to understand?

How well does the philosophy statement align with the mission and vision statements posted in Discussion 2 of Week 2? Does it reflect accepted values of the organization?

Are the goals and objectives specific, measureable, attainable, relevant, and time-bound?

How well do the philosophy statements, goals, and objectives reflect the stakeholders?

Respond to at least two of your colleagues on two different days by evaluating the strengths and weaknesses of their philosophy statements, goals, and objectives. Suggest opportunities for refinement.

Required Readings

Cara, C. M., Nyberg, J. J., & Brousseau, S. (2011). Fostering the coexistence of caring philosophy and economics in today’s health care system. Nursing Administration Quarterly, 35(1), 6–14.

Retrieved from the Walden Library databases.

The article addresses caring as a part of mission and philosophy and the benefits of this for nursing satisfaction and performance, patient satisfaction, quality of care, and cost reduction.

Lorenzi, N. M. (2011). AMIA’s realigned strategic plan. Journal of American Medical Informatics Association, 18(2), 203–208.

Retrieved from the Walden Library databases.

As you read this article, consider the process used to set goals and evaluate the extent to which the identified goals are specific, measureable, attainable, relevant, and time-bound.

Kenny, G. (2012). From the stakeholder viewpoint: Designing measurable objectives. Journal of Business Strategy, 33(6), 40–46.

Retrieved from the Walden Library databases.

Measurable objectives are an important part of the strategic planning process, yet many organizations struggle with formulating good objectives. In this article, the author suggests strategies for developing better objectives, which will then facilitate the planning process.

Urbanski, J., Baskel, M., & Martelli, M. (2011). Strategic planning—A plan for excellence for South Haven Health System. Nursing Administration Quarterly, 35(3), 227–234.

Retrieved from the Walden Library databases.

The article addresses stakeholder involvement as a key component of South Haven Health System’s success in strategic planning and describes how the system develops goals and objectives.

 Lloyd-Jones, D. M., Hong, Y., Labarthe, D., Mozaffarian, D., Appel, L. J., Van Horn, L., . . . Rosamond, W. D. (2010). Defining and setting national goals for cardiovascular health promotion and disease reduction: The American Heart Association’s strategic impact goal through 2020 and beyond. Retrieved from http://circ.ahajournals.org/content/121/4/586.full.pdf+html

As you read this report, consider the process used to set goals and evaluate the extent to which the identified goals are specific, measureable, attainable, relevant, and time-bound.

Required Media

 Laureate Education (Producer). (2013b). Case study: Mountain View Health Center [Interactive media]. Retrieved from CDN database. (NURS 6241)

This interactive multimedia piece presents a case study of an organization, with information about the types of activities performed there, organizational structure, strategic priorities, and financial allocations. You will use this as a resource for this week’s Discussion.

Optional Resources

Marquis, B. L., & Huston, C. J. (2015). Leadership roles and management functions in nursing: Theory and application (8th ed.). Philadelphia, PA: Lippincott, Williams & Wilkins.

Chapter 7, “Strategic and Operational Planning” (pp. 138–161)

Review as needed.

Sare, M., & Ogilvie, L. (2010). Strategic planning for nurses: Change management in health care.Sudbury, MA: Jones and Bartlett.

Chapter 7, “The Three Key Elements of the Strategic Planning Process: A Vision That Guides Nursing’s Future Action” (pp. 117–143)

Review as needed, focusing on the information about goals and objectives.

Kramer, M., Schmalenberg, C., & Maguire, P. (2010). Nine structures and leadership practices essential for a magnetic (healthy) work environment. Nursing Administration Quarterly, 34(1), 4–17.

Retrieved from the Walden Library databases.

The authors discuss the clinical environment of nursing and the leadership practices needed to promote quality patient care outcomes.

Writing a Comprehensive Client Assessment and creating a genogram for the client

Learning Objectives Students will:  •Assess clients presenting for psychotherapy • Develop genograms for clients presenting for psychotherapy 

To prepare: • Select a client whom you have observed or counseled at your practicum site. • Review pages 137–142 of the Wheeler text and the Hernandez Family Genogram video in this week’s Learning Resources. Reflect on elements of writing a Comprehensive Client Assessment and creating a genogram for the client you selected.  

The Assignment 

Part 1: Comprehensive Client Family Assessment With this client in mind, address the following in a Comprehensive ClientAssessment (without violating HIPAA regulations):  •Demographic information  •Presenting problem  •History or present illness  •Past psychiatric history   •Medical history • Substance use history  •Developmental history  •Family psychiatric history   •Psychosocial history  •History of abuse/trauma  •Review of systems   •Physical assessment  •Mental status exam  •Differential diagnosis  •Case formulation  •Treatment plan 

Part 2: Family Genogram Prepare a genogram for the client you selected. The genogram should extend back by at least three generations (great grandparents, grandparents, and parents). 

Required Readings: 

(1) Wheeler, K. (Ed.). (2014). Psychotherapy for the advanced practice psychiatric nurse: A how-to guide for evidence-based practice (2nd ed.). New York, NY: Springer Publishing Company.

ATTACHED WITH THIS HOMEWORK IS A SAMPLE OF THIS ASSIGNMENT AND REMEMBER IT HAS TWO  PARTS.

Nursing Healthcare

How do you judge Palin’s quote? [“And who will suffer the most when they ration care? Effective strategy to oppose Democrats’ plans for health care reform or unethical scaremongering?

Palin’s quote was not only inaccurate, it could be said it was a scare tactic. For those relying on politicians to define changes, especially as they relate to a lengthy new health care act, I view it as a scare tactic to sway voters against the ACA. Nowhere in the ACA or AHCA does it enforce a “death panel” (Mason et. al., 2016). This quote from a politician is why it is so important for nurses to understand politics in health care and provide accurate, unbiased, and honest information.

Reflect on what informs your judgment: commitment to advance care planning, analysis of facts, and/or political party loyalties?

When it comes to my judgement, research and understanding of the facts are key. Had I simply listened to Palin, I would not have understood the changes in health care the ACA implemented. Although far from perfect, this act did increase the number of Americans with health coverage to 20 million people and seeks to provide better health promotion, allowing nurses to practice to the full extent of their education and licensure (Collins, 2018).

Is it right for nurses to endorse health reform legislation even if the legislation is not perfect? Does this apply to the recently failed American Health Care Act?

Few things in life are truly perfect. As a nurse, I have learned you simply cannot make everyone happy and that applies to healthcare. Nurses should seek to endorse healthcare policies that allow them to practice as nurses; teaching patients to be as independently healthy as possible. This certainly applies to the failed AHCA. Again, the debate is not over universal health coverage, but as to who should pay for it. Nurses have identified the need for access to health care since the beginning of time. Advocating and endorsing legislative that is supportive of this idea should be the nurses priority.

Cases of violations of ethical principles in medical and public health history

Required Reading

ACHE. (2016). ACHE code of ethics. Retrieved from https://ache.org/abt_ache/code.cfm


Flite, C. A., & Harman, L. B. (2013). Code of ethics: Principles for ethical leadership. Perspectives in Health Information Management / AHIMA, American Health Information Management Association, 10(Winter), 1d. Retrieved from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3544144/


NAHQ. (2011). NAHQ Code of ethics and standards of practice for healthcare professionals. Retrieved from http://nahq.org/about/code-of-ethics


Airth-Kindree, N., & Kirkhorn, L. C. (2016). Ethical grand rounds: Teaching ethics at the point of care. Nursing Education Perspectives, 37(1), 48-50. doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.5480/13-1128


Benson, Michael D,M.D., F.A.C.O.G., Benson, Jordan B,C.P.A., J.D., & Stein, Mark S,J.D., PhD. (2016). Hospital quality improvement: Are peer review immunity, privilege, and confidentiality in the public interest? Northwestern Journal of Law and Social Policy, 11(1), 1-27.


Brothers, K. B., & Rothstein, M. A. (2015). Ethical, legal and social implications of incorporating personalized medicine into healthcare. Personalized Medicine, 12(1), 43-51. doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.2217/pme.14.65


Denecke, K., Bamidis, P., Bond, C., Gabarron, E., Househ, M., Lau, A. Y. S., … Hansen, M. (2015). Ethical Issues of Social Media Usage in Healthcare. Yearbook of Medical Informatics, 10(1), 137–147. Available in the Trident Online Library.


Fiscella, K., Tobin, J. N., Carroll, J. K., He, H., & Ogedegbe, G. (2015). Ethical oversight in quality improvement and quality improvement research: New approaches to promote a learning health care system. BMC Medical Ethics, 16(63). doi: 10.1186/s12910-015-0056-2. Accessed from http://bmcmedethics.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12910-015-0056-2


Ghosh, K. (2015). Benevolent leadership in not-for-profit organizations. Leadership & Organization Development Journal, 36(5), 592-611.


Gillon, R. (2015). Defending the four principles approach as a good basis for good medical practice and therefore for good medical ethics. Journal of medical ethics41(1), 111-116.


Healthcare Financial Management Association [HFMA]. (2016). HFMA’s code of ethics. Accessed from https://www.hfma.org/code/


Kostkova, Patty P. (2016). Who owns the fata? Open fata for healthcare. Frontiers in Public Health, 4(4), 7. doi: 10.3389/fpubh.2016.00007


Kulshreshtha, P. (2015). Ethical leadership and contemporary organizational ethics: Principles and cases. Journal of Leadership, Accountability and Ethics, 12(1), 94-97.
Mascone, C. F. (2015). Navigating ethical dilemmas. Chemical Engineering Progress, 111(2), 3.


McLean, S. A. M. & Campbell, T.D. (Ed.). (2006). Applied legal philosophy: First do no harm: Law, ethics and healthcare. Abingdon, GB: Routledge.

Assignment Overview

There have been many cases of violations of ethical principles in medical and public health history. It is important to study these and understand not only what went wrong, but the implications of a failure to follow ethical principles, to ensure that these things do not happen again.

**Case Assignment

For this assignment, you will be creating a PowerPoint presentation. Three cases are listed below. For each case, you will provide a background and then apply at least the 4 basic ethical principles reviewed thus far in the course; you may research and apply additional ones. For each principle, explain why it was violated in this case. If you do not believe that the principle was violated, explain why. This should not be opinion, but should be your analysis of the cases and the principles; do not use first person. 

*Your slides should be in presentation format and your text should be in your speaker’s notes. You must include speaker’s notes. Remember to cite your sources.

*You will need to research the cases below. Be sure that you are using reliable sources for your information; peer-reviewed articles, academic books, government web pages and documents. You may use newspaper articles, but these should not be your principle and only source to discuss an individual case.

  • The Tuskegee Experiment
  • Henrietta Lacks and the development of the HeLa cell line
  • Nazi Medical Experiments

Assignment Expectations

  1. Conduct additional research to gather sufficient information to support your analysis.
  2. Your presentation should have at least 6 slides, as well as a cover slide and reference slide.
  3. Support your presentation with peer-reviewed articles, and use at least 6 references. For additional information on how to recognize peer-reviewed journals, see http://www.angelo.edu/services/library/handouts/peerrev.php
  4. You may use the following source to assist in your formatting your assignment: https://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/560/01/